In 1987, Congress passed the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Subtitle B of Title VII of this Act entitled, Education for Homeless Children and Youth, has been amended and is now part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, Title X, Part C.
A family or student is considered homeless under the McKinney-Vento defintion if they are in any of these places or situations:
- Public or private shelters
- Public or private places not designated for, or ordinarily used as, regular sleeping accommodations such as vehicles, parks, motels, campgrounds, etc.
- Living with a parent in a domestic violence shelter
- Living with relatives or friends due to lack of housing
- Living in transitional housing programs
- Runaway children (under 18 years of age) and children and youth who have been abandoned or forced out of their home by parents or other caretakers (unaccompanied youth). These children may be in temporary shelters awaiting assistance from social service agencies, or may live alone on the street or move from place to place among family members, friends or acquaintances
- Children of migrant families who lack adequate housing
- Children abandoned in hospitals or awaiting foster care - Youth awaiting foster care placement include those who are placed in: emergency, interim or respite foster care; kinship care; evaluation or diagnostic centers; or placements for the sole purpose of evaluation. On a case-by-case basis, through coordination between the school and all involved agencies, it can be determined if the youth is “awaiting foster care placement.”
EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN EXPERIENCING HOMELESSNESS PROGRAM (ECYEH)
ECYEH'S PA Program Webpage
Directory of Services for Children Experiencing Homelessness
PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (PDE)
PDE | (Website) Homeless Education
PDE | (Brochure) What You Should Know About Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness